2nd CMB patch/logo
2CMB crest / insignia
All or most of the information on this page came from one of the contacts listed below. If you have comments or can add any information, please send e-mail to the Webmaster, or postal mail to Rodney Young, 251 Pine Mdw, Spring Branch, TX 78070. Thank you very much.

On this page:

General Information
A Historical Note
Memorial Monuments
Shoulder Patches
World War II Service Data
Korean War Service Data
World War II Honor Roll
Korean War Honor Roll

Shoulder patches: The men of the 2nd wore the shoulder patch shown above left, as well as others shown at patches, and the metal insignia shown above right. Also, the Patch Page displays all the patches we have been able to obtain of this and other chemical mortar battalions.

Nickname: The Red Dragon

Motto: FLAMMIS VINCIMUS(We conquer with fire)

Association: The Red Dragons Association

Contact: Walter Eldredge

Address: 1455 Spanish Lakes Ave., Saint Gabriel, LA 70776
Phone: 225-892-3754
E-mail: waltere@cox.net

Web site: Red Dragons Association

Newsletter online: Red Dragon Newsletters

Reunions of WWII group:

2004 & beyond: reunions combined with Korean War group; see below
2003: September 10-13, Gettysburg, PA (Holiday Inn)
2002: June 5-9, Albany, NY
2001: May 23-27, Bird-in-Hand, PA
2000: September 19-24, New Orleans, LA
1999: June 24-26, Nashville, TN
1998: June 7-10, Bird-In-Hand, PA

Reunions of Korean War group:
Includes WWII group after 2003

2018: TBA
2017: Jun 27-July 1 Centennial Reunion, Branson, MO
2016: July 6-10, Nashville, TN
2015: September 20-24. New Orleans, LA
2014: November 13-14, Ft. Hood, TX
2013: June 19-24, Gaithersburg, MD
2012: June 20-24, Colorado Springs, CO
2011: June 8-12, Fort Hood, TX
2010: September 22-26, Pigeon Forge, TN
2009: September 23-27, Green Bay, WI
2008: September 24-28, Branson, MO
2007: September 12-15, Niagara Falls, ONT
2006: September 6-10, Gaithersburg, MD
2005: September 14-18, San Antonio, TX
2004: September 22-26, Norfolk, VA,
2003: September 24-28, Branson, MO
2002: September 26-29, New London, CT
2001: September 20-24, Annapolis, MD
2000: September 13-17, Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD
1999: September 22-26, Colorado Springs, CO
1998: September 9-12, Gettysburg, PA
1997: September 24-27, West Point, NY
1996: September 24-27, St Louis, MO
1995: September 26-27, Tysons Corner, VA (Washington DC area)
1994: September 24-25, Edgewood, MD

A historical note -

The 2nd Chemical Mortar Bn is a direct descendant of the 1st Gas Regiment which served in France during WWI with the Stokes 4" smooth-bore mortar developed by the British, and was redesignated the 1st Chemical Regiment in 1929 and inactivated 15 Apr 1935 at Edgewood Arsenal, MD. Its personnel and equipment were transferred to the 2nd Separate Chemical Bn, activated the next day. The unit was the only chemical mortar battalion in service at the outbreak of WWII, the only such unit to serve in the Korean War, and the last one to exist in the U.S. Army.

This distinguished combat unit of the Chemical Corps, armed with the 4.2" chemical mortar, served in the Korean War from 8 October 1950 until the truce signing on 27 July 1953. In the last six months of that period, it was designated the 461st Infantry Battalion (Heavy Mortar). Unlike most other combat units, the Battalion stayed in the line in close support of the infantry from the time it fired its first round until the truce – 1007 consecutive days in action without relief. Of the ten campaigns during the Korean War, The Red Dragon participated in all but the first one. It served in all three corps of the Eighth Army, supporting six United States divisions, eight Republic of Korea divisions, and the British Commonwealth Brigade.

The lineage of The Red Dragon has passed to the 2nd Chemical Battalion. Stationed currently at Fort Hood TX, the unit is capable of smoke generation, NBC detection and decontamination. The battalion served in Iraq from March 2003 through February 2004.

Memorial Monuments

All CMB Memorials at Fort Leonard Wood: The Battalion's WWII group placed a memorial monument at Fort McClellan, Alabama, well before 1999. The Army closed that post on 15 September 1999, and all six (2nd, 3rd, 81st, 83rd, 86th, 91st) chemical mortar battalion monuments there were moved to Fort Leonard Wood, Missouri, along with that of the 1st Gas Regiment whose lineage passed to the 2nd CMB. The monuments are now emplaced in the Memorial Grove at Fort Leonard Wood near the Chemical Corps Museum there, and three more CMB monuments have been dedicated since 1999: the 2nd's Korean War group, 82nd and 84th. See photos of all CMB memorial monuments at FLW.

Dedication of Red Dragon Memorial at Edgewood: On 15 September 2000, exactly fifty years after the Battalion left Edgewood for Korea, its veterans dedicated a monument and plaques to Those Who Did Not Return. The post, known as the Army Chemical Center in 1950, was originally called Edgewood Arsenal and by 2000 had become the Edgewood Area of Aberdeen Proving Ground. A photo of the monument is on the Memorials page and also here to the right (click to enlarge). Below are links to the invocation and speeches that were delivered on this memorable occasion, plus the banquet address that was delivered that evening. Memorial at Edgewood to 2nd Cml Mortar Bn – click to enlarge

Dedication of Red Dragon Memorial at Fort Leonard Wood: On 26 September 2003, the Battalion's Korean War group dedicated a memorial monument at Fort Leonard Wood to the unit's service in that conflict and to the 61 men who did not return home. A photo of that monument is on the Memorials page and also here to the right (click to enlarge). Below are links to the invocation and speech that were delivered on this very special occasion, plus the banquet address that was delivered that evening in Branson, Missouri. Memorial to 2nd Cml Mortar Bn (Korean War) – click to enlarge

Shoulder patches of the 2nd Chemical Mortar Bn

2nd CMB patch 2nd CMB patch B 2nd CMB patch C 2nd CMB patch D

Shoulder patch of the 461st Infantry Bn (Heavy Mortar)

461st Inf Bn (Heavy Mortar) patch Obviously the 461st Inf Bn (Heavy Mortar) was not a chemical mortar battalion. However, it was the direct successor to the 2nd Cml Mortar Bn. In January of 1953, the 2nd was disbanded and the 461st was organized, the latter taking over all the men and equipment of the 2nd, and continuing with the same mission and methods of operation until the signing of the armistice in July of that year. The shoulder patch of the 461st is identical to that of the 2nd except for the addition of the tab. Members of the 2nd in Korea did not wear any tab.

World War II

Activated: 16 Apr 1935 as 2nd Separate Chemical Bn at Edgewood Arsenal, MD, less Med Det and Companies B and C, all of which were activated 1Apr 1942 at Fort Bragg, NC.

Redesignated 20 Aug 1943 as 2nd Chemical Bn Motorized, and on 31 Dec 1944 as 2nd Chemical Mortar Bn

Inactivated 26 Jul 1946 in Germany

Overseas: Arrived HRPE 4 Jun 1943, North Africa 22 Jun 1943, Sicily 10 Jul 1943, Italy 9 Sep 1943, France-ETO 15 Aug 1944

Campaigns: Ardennes-Alsace, Central Europe, Naples-Foggia, Rhineland, Rome-Arno, Sicily, Southern France

Histories, books and articles

Number of men killed in action: 56 (see Honor Roll of names)

Number of men wounded in action: 201

Number of days in combat: 511

Number of rounds fired: 137,124

Korean War

Activated 1 Feb 1949 at Army Chemical Center, MD (formerly Edgewood Arsenal), taking over the men and equipment of the 91st Chemical Mortar Bn that was inactivated there that same day.

Redesignated 22 Jan 1953 as 461st Inf Bn (Heavy Mortar) in Korea

Overseas: Arrived SFPE (Camp Stoneman and Oakland Army Base, CA) 19 Sep 1950; Pusan, Korea, 8 Oct 1950.

Campaigns (8):

UN Offensive (16 September to 2 November 1950)
CCF Intervention (3 November 1950 to 24 January 1951)
First UN Counteroffensive (25 January to 21 April 1951)
CCF Spring Offensive (22 April to 8 July 1951)
UN Summer-Fall Offensive (9 July to 27 November 1951)
Second Korean Winter (28 November 1951 to 30 April 1952)
Korea Summer-Fall 1952 (1 May to 30 November 1952)
Third Korean Winter (1 December 1952 to 30 April 1953)

Number of men killed in action: 62 (see Honor Roll of names)

Number of days in combat: 826 to 22 Jan 53 [date redesignated 461st Inf Bn (Heavy Mortar)]

Number of rounds fired: 431,249 to 22 Jan 53 [date redesignated 461st Inf Bn (Heavy Mortar)]

Histories and articles as published in The Red Dragon

World War II Honor Roll of men KIA,
WIA and later officially presumed dead,
died of wounds received in action,
or died while POW

Nelson H. Baecher
Richard H. Brooks
Joseph A. Bruccoleri
James C. Burrus
Joseph A. Bywalec
Walter L. Cain
Irvin L. Cauvin
Eldridge Chandler
Charles O. Cole
John P. Coyne
Bernard Davidow
Frank A. Decenso Jr
Albert J. Desormeau
Posie R. Doby
Joseph R. Farley
Cecil A. Fiveash
Francis P. Garvey
Marvin R. Gray
Luther Hacker
Benjamin R. Harner
Glen E. Hart
Elmer B. Hayes
George Henninger
Arthur R. Higgins
Winn T. Howle
Ralph Jackson
Willie K. Jeffries
Marshall L. Kennedy
Louis F. Kiewitt
Herman O. Knose
Bernard A. LaLonde
Isaac K. LeFever
Gordon Majors
Edward A. Malecki
Hiram M. Massey
John J. Mazurek
James G. McFadyen
Michael P. McMahon
William McNay Jr
Alfred A. Moore
John M. Ohns
Howard W. Phillips
Paul E. Picard
Kelsey J. Powers
Archie A. Pugh
Edward Ribinsky
Leonard Santibanez
Joseph W. Slovitsky
Roy A. Spillman
Michael Terlecki
Dale F. Wince Jr
Warren F. Witman
Charles B. Wood
Robert L. Wray
Roy S. Wyrick
Edward M. Zurausky
- - - - - - - - - - - - -

Korean War Honor Roll of men KIA,
WIA and later officially presumed dead,
died of wounds received in action,
or died while POW

William Leonard Bengston
Hugh Joseph Boylan
Francis Bramande
Herman Lynn Brothers
Frank M. Cali
Richard A. Chapman
Evans Cloud Jr
Edward J. Cooney
Daniel J. Dabkiewicz
Nicholas DeSimone Jr
Richard L. Demers
Nicholas P. DiLeo
Gilbert Dortch
Robert Duld
William F. Farrell
Robert L. Field
Robert Norman Forsythe
Earl J. Godfrey
Edwin L. Green
Donald Clayton Hoysradt
John Leszczynski Jr
Melvin Donald Maas
Ronald P. McCluskey
Wnedell E. McDaniel
Thomas W. McGeever Jr
James Patrick McGuire
Fred R. McNulty
Bernie Montoya
Lewis J. Naylor
Andrew Parker
Thomas P. Pearce Jr
Aldee H. Penner
Julio I. Perrone
Edward John Pratt
Armand Henry Proulx
Theodore A. Reynolds
John Ezekiel Rivers
Daniel J. Schultz
Thomas Simmons
Lewis Simpson
Harry Sparrow Smith
Shadrack B. Smith Jr
Francis E. Spain
Ralph E. Taylor
Lorenzo Turner
Bradford E. Tyndall
John E. Van Loh
Ralph R. Wance
Fred R. Wardzinski
T.P. Warren
Arthur R. Welch Sr
James P. Westry
Frederick Whalen
Hugh Douglas Whitacre
Maurice Elden Wilhelm
Truman H. Williams
James W. Wilson
Thomas F. Wolfe
Frank E. Woodcock
Clark E. Worline
Leo B. Yelle

Return to the home page for chemical mortar battalions.